Why Was The Kobe Earthquake So Destructive

Less destructive P waves travel faster than the more destructive S waves, and so will arrive first at any given location. Aug 24, 2016 · That, in part, explains why Italy is so earthquake-prone, and why Wednesday's temblor was so destructive. Image caption A powerful earthquake devastated the Japanese city of Kobe in 1995. Mar 15, 2011 · In Kobe, there was a significant lack of earthquake insurance, with only 3% of property insured in the city, compared to 16% in Tokyo. Many areas of downtown Kobe were on fire and there was no water pressure to put out the flames. EARTHQUAKE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION: THE "RING OF FIRE" ON THE PACIFIC RIMConvergence (subduction) zones: 1. NEPAL QUAKE: Key Facts About the Earthquake. On January 17, 1995, though, it experienced one of the most destructive earthquakes ever―the Kobe. A new analysis of the 8. Picking up the Slinky again, move it left and right, rather than forward and back. The Rose Canyon fault runs along the coast and beneath downtown San Diego. "The quake was so deep the earthquake waves were The most powerful earthquake to strike India in 50 years has killed Kobe Earthquake,. In 1995, Kobe was devastated by the Great Hanshin Earthquake. However, some of the most destructive have lasted up to four minutes long. The 1995 Kobe quake, a magnitude-6. The following chart shows the exchange rate of three countries that suffered catastrophic natural disasters: Japan with the 1995 Kobe earthquake, Indonesia with the 2004 tsunami, and Chile with the massive 2010 earthquake. Earthquake information. They separate earthquake risk from themselves and their homes. Disaster struck at 11:58 on September 1st, 1923, just as families were gathering around the table for lunch. Earthquake - Earthquake - Shallow, intermediate, and deep foci: Most parts of the world experience at least occasional shallow earthquakes—those that originate within 60 km (40 miles) of the Earth's outer surface. The powerful quake was the worst to hit the Caribbean republic in around 120 years and seismologists say it was more destructive due to it being a ‘shallow’ shake. Mega Disasters - Kobe Earthquake Mega Disasters. At least 369 people die - most in and around Mexico City - during a magnitude 7. The tsunami waves struck the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands and other areas of Russia's Far East, and caused considerable damage and loss of life. If you're indoors during an earthquake, drop, cover, and hold on. It was 500 times more powerful than the Haiti quake, yet killed less than 1% of the Haitian total. So totally understand how hard that you've went though as a foreigner in a foreign country. Natural hazards. The Himalayas, the Swiss Alps, and the Andes are some spectacular examples. The change in magnitude of 1. On September 19, 1985, a powerful earthquake strikes Mexico City and leaves 10,000 people dead, 30,000 injured and thousands more homeless. 0 is an extreme natural disaster and are very rare. Learn kobe case studies with free interactive flashcards. This current situation is in contrast to the Kobe earthquake of 1995. 1-magnitude earthquake Tuesday was about 650 kilometers from the epicenter of the 8. Sympathy for Japan, and Admiration. Kobe is no exception. Here’s a countdown of the 10 largest earthquakes ever recorded: 10. Hundreds of houses were destroyed, including the Christchurch Cathedral, and damages will probably sum up to some billion dollars. Thus did the fire of itself build its own colossal chimney through the atmosphere. 4 on the Richter scale and occurred as a result of plate movement along the boundary between the Philippines Plate, Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate. In places such as Haiti, where 72. It was totally unexpected and the stone houses with their heavy insulating roofs collapsed killing some 10,000 people. Start studying CCEA RESTLESS EARTH KOBE EARTHQUAKE CASE STUDY. (03:36 3/28 UTC), a great earthquake of magnitude 9. In addition, earthquakes cause ruptures in water and sewer lines, and in gas lines, either directly or through liquefaction. Fault movement during such events is quick, small quakes last only a fraction of a second and the rocks on either side of the fault don't move very far. 5 million people Kobe (Great Hansin) EQ: hit the Hansin region of Western Japan that includes the city of Kobe on the 17th of January 1995 at 5:46am The earthquake lasted about 20 seconds with a strength of 7. Images of the combined destructive effects. The Great East Earthquake occurred at 2:46pm on March 11th recorded magnitude 9. The volcanic action and shifting rocks create strain which continues to build to a sudden release of pressure resulting in a shock wave. What type of 'plate boundary' was the Kobe earthquake? Was it:- ~ transform boundaries (when the plates slide or grind together by moving side to side) ~ divergent boundaries (when the plates move apart from each other) ~ convergent boundaries, (when one plate moves underneath the other or when the two plates hit and push up upon each other. On September 19, 1985, a powerful earthquake strikes Mexico City and leaves 10,000 people dead, 30,000 injured and thousands more homeless. 7 earthquake is 794 times BIGGER on a seismogram than a magnitude 6. UPDATE 3 - Wednesday, 10 February 2010: Haiti's government says around 230,000 people died in last month's earthquake, 18,000 more than its previous estimate. pects of earthquake behavior that are completely resistant to theoretical manipulation and manual calculations. An earthquake was seen by many as a worse problem in places like California and Asia. 9) that crisis management of Japan greatly promoted since the government set up a GIS system and a general computer network. The park is really close to Kobe tower, here you will see a monument to remember the earthquake that the city suffer in 1995. to function so people could get in touch and share news and videos. It was only because the earthquake occurred late in the day of a holiday and in a less populous region that loss of lives and property were not considerably higher. Why did the earthquake and tsunami occur in Japan? Was it the act of an angry God? No, it was the result of the movement and collision of the earth's tectonic plates - a process driven by the earth's need to regulate its own internal temperature. Earthquakes: Kobe. Earthquake Is Biggest in Japan’s Recorded History. That quake created a tsunami, which together killed. The key question for seismic network director Harold Tobin at the University of Washington (UW) is whether the current slow slip has implications for the feared Big One, a large Cascadia earthquake. 1 earthquake caused extensive damage along the North Anatolian fault just east of the current. ? For the mega-thrust earthquake — the one we tend to call “The Big One” which would be somewhere near magnitude 9 — Bird. The Great Kanto earthquake claimed 140,000 lives. It was the world's fourth largest earthquake since 1900 and the largest in Japan since modern instrumental recordings began 130 years ago. The earthquake was less powerful than many recent deadly quakes. Earthquakes can happen anytime and anywhere, so be prepared wherever you go. 9 Great Kanto Earthquake. Brick is the go-to building material there because the Kathmandu Valley has many brick works. View Larger Map The obvious trench to the east and the mountains and volcanoes of the Japanese islands indicate that this is a convergent margin. SAN FRANCISCO (KGO) -- Thirty years after the Loma Prieta earthquake rocked the San Francisco Bay Area, killing 63 people, scientists have a chilling reminder: that quake was just a warm up. Earthquake experts on ‘The Really Big One’: Here’s what will actually happen in Seattle by James Risley on July 14, 2015 at 2:07 pm July 14, 2015 at 2:07 pm Comments 65 Share 19 Tweet Share. Richter of the California Institute of Technology, is the best known scale for measuring the magnitude of earthquakes. It was the largest disaster to affect postwar Japan and one of the most destructive postwar natural disasters to strike a developed country. com differs from the official notification calling earthquakes with a depth of more than 40 to 00 km as "Intermediate". Effects: Key Fact - primary effects happen immediately. Early this morning, a powerful earthquake struck Hokkaido, the northernmost of Japan’s main islands. Why damage was so large…. The so-called Richter scale – also Richter magnitude or Richter magnitude scale, more accurately but informally Richter's magnitude scale – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Earthquake Size. It measured 7. By all accounts, the March 27, 1964, Good Friday earthquake and the tsunamis that followed in its wake were simply terrifying, an ordeal to be endured. An earthquake also causes secondary or shear waves, called S waves. The Eurasian plate is lighter than the Philippine plate, so the latter moves beneath the Eurasian plate, which in the case of the Kobe resulted in a. Why the Italy Quake Was So Severe. There were a number of aftershocks felt in Tokyo, not as bad as the first one, but still strong. 8 it was felt over a very large area from the Indian capital Delhi 500 miles to the west, to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, about the same distance to the southeast. Gas stoves are quite common in many Japanese apartments, if you just turn off the gas valve after each use,. Navy to test their own ship. The length of rupture in Kobe was similar to that of the 1868 Hayward quake. 9 earthquake in Kobe, Japan. Earthquakes are usually quite brief, but may repeat. Recent earthquakes demonstrated the risks to modern industrial societies from such cataclysmic events, affecting everything from. People do not have to slog as much as they would have had to, if not for technology. Scientists have created a type of instrument that can actually record an earthquake. ” They make a good point. The critical issue with this earthquake was that the epicentre was at shallow depth (5km) under Christchurch, so many people were within 10km to 20km of the fault rupture. Aid – The Japanese rejected international offers of aid and dealt with the earthquake itself. Apparently, the amount of movement during the great San Francisco earthquake of 1906 was large enough to reduce strain throughout the region, so that only one large earthquake followed. below the surface and the fact that the epicentre occurred close to a very heavily populated area. Not because the magnitude 9 earthquake wasn't big, but because it was in the wrong place. It plays on our fears of the breakdown of. By a close analysis of the record of P and S waves, the thickness of the earth’s crust and its variation in different parts of the earth can be calculated. The tremendous geological forces acting upon the rocks and adjoining plates break the earth's crust, thereby creating an earthquake with a sudden forceful impact. The devastation was the worst in the port city of Kobe, where the 7. Why are we having so many earthquakes? Has naturally occurring earthquake activity been increasing? Does this mean a big one is going to hit? OR We haven't had any earthquakes in a long time; does this mean that the pressure is building up for a big one?. Even at lower magnitudes, they can be very destructive because they often occur near populated areas and because their hypocenters are located less than 20 km below the surface. Where, when and why the earthquake happened and which plates were involved. has developed a powerful reputation as the #1 Foundation Repair and Engineering, Landslide Repair, Earthquake Retrofitting, Soft Story Retrofitting, and Structural Rehabilitation Contractor in the Los Angeles area. I was born and raised in a small city close to Kobe so experienced Great Hanshin earthquake too. The magnitude-7. A powerful earthquake struck Mexico’s southern coast late Thursday night, leaving behind shattered buildings, tsunamis and the deaths of at least 60 people. The park is really close to Kobe tower, here you will see a monument to remember the earthquake that the city suffer in 1995. 2 miles below the surface, a shallow depth, its powerful energy had a devastating effect at ground level. Learn kobe case studies with free interactive flashcards. Mexico has a long history of destructive earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Large earthquakes rupture faults that are tens to thousands of kilometers long. At least up until the mid 1980s, the designs were non-ductile. (See Determining the Depth of an Earthquake. Earthquake-like seismic waves can also be caused by explosions underground. For example, because so many people live on the coast of Japan, there is a high population density. The earthquake and tsunami triggered the worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl. Disaster response is the better for it. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. The Kobe Earthquake At 05. The earthquake that devastated Haiti Tuesday was the strongest temblor to hit the island nation in more than 200 years. In 1993 a powerful earthquake measuring 6. estimates suggest something between 46,000 and 86,000). Several thousand additional “smaller” earthquakes occurred during the three month period from Dec. 8 g were recorded in the near-fault region on soil sites in Kobe and Nishinomiya (Somerville, 1995). ) Below that depth, rocks are too hot and ductile, so they tend to bend and flow rather than break in a brittle manner. 12, 2010, a massive 7. Track media coverage, the changes in estimated and actual death tolls, and the rise in pledged donations to Haiti in the weeks after the quake. It was the fifth most powerful earthquake ever recorded. 6 earthquake was the most powerful strike-slip earthquake in recorded history. 2, and it corresponds to 11 on the Mercalli scale, as it measures the destruction of the earthquake. A similarly powerful earthquake in 1995 in Kobe, Japan, however, was far more destructive because the strongest shaking was felt in the densest neighborhoods. 500 died from an earthquake in Japan, most of them from the city Kobe. But poverty also plays its role, Mr Garratt explains, as it exacerbates a country's or region's vulnerability to such disasters. 16, 1811 to March 16, 1812. The article tries to present the reasons why this event, which was a strong but not an exceptional earthquake, has caused so much devastation. 2 days ago · VANCOUVER - A map released by the City of Vancouver highlights areas that would see the most severe damage during a significant earthquake. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7. The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40. Currently, more than 44,000 people have been evacuated from their homes due to the disaster. The earthquake likely occurred on a branch of the North Anatolian fault. The earthquake was recorded 7. The energy release best indicates the destructive power of an earthquake. Earthquakes: Kobe. Earthquake Size. The March 11 quake struck more to the north, offshore from the city of Sendai. Here are some of the most destructive earthquakes in recent history. The centre of Kobe city was affected the worst, because it was very economically developed. Why? Located on a destructive plate margin. The earthquake was less powerful than many recent deadly quakes. This is called a seismometer. The first wave may not always be the largest; in some cases, the water level first falls significantly, exposing the bottom of the bay or beach, to be followed by a high wave. Historic earthquakes. But, at the dawn of 17th January, 1995, it experienced one of the most destructive earthquakes in the world - the Kobe earthquake. The government has commented that the calculations ERI made were done using a different computer model, which is why the projections were so different. 4 magnitude earthquake struck the area. 6 on the Richter scale on December 26th, 2003 resulting in the deaths of over 43,000 people and leaving over 60,000 people homeless. Figure 10m-9: The following image looks at downtown Kobe, Japan at about noon on the day of the 1995 earthquake. There would appear to be some supporting evidence of an indirect nature involving political considerations and other more recent world events. The Richter Scale, named after Dr. Images of the combined destructive effects. On Thursday, a 6. Your source for the latest research news. The March 11 Earthquake in Japan. An example of a megathrust earthquake is the M9. 46 on 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7. Although this is the largest earthquake in the epicenter region in this century, the region of the earthquake has a long history of destructive earthquakes. 0 Tōhoku Earthquake that occurred off the coast of Japan in 2011. ok well i did alevel geography and im quite abit rusty, but at destructive boundarys you would probably get a trough if its in the sea , volcanoes cant quite remember wt the names are of the rock type, but i no the different planet types sima (silica and magnesium) and sial (silica and aliminium ) create different land forms search those words and look up conversion plate features someting. 0 on the Richter Scale struck off Japan's north-east coast, about 250 miles (400km) from Tokyo at a depth of 20 miles. It occurred in the afternoon and its resulting tsunami affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast. There were some conflicts between residents and the Kobe City government before the earthquake. Known as the Great Kanto Earthquake, the 7. The epicenter was about 10 km east of the mouth of College Fiord, approximately 90 km west of Valdez and 120 km east of Anchorage. I am doing a geography essay on "Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?" and I can't think of what to write. The Japan earthquake was so strong that it shifted the Earth on its axis, in amounts estimated to be between 4 inches and 10 inches. Reasons why Earthquake damage varies. Top 10 Most Dangerous Earthquakes Ever. Several highly value properties were destroyed by the earthquake. Early detection, historic earthquakes, earthquake measurement, smart building methods and more in our earthquake research news. so the area was nearly devoid of any type of health facility after the earthquake. 9 event in southern Japan, has been proposed as the best analogue for a future Hayward earthquake, which is expected to have a similar magnitude and may have a similar rupture length. Why are the effects of natural hazards generally less harmful in HICs than in LICs? Preparation and prediction in HICs are usually better than in LICs thus the effects are less harmful. • The epicentre of the earthquake was located, approximately 20 km away from Kobe, on the northern end of Awaji Island in Hyogo Prefecture. Earthquake - Earthquake - Shallow, intermediate, and deep foci: Most parts of the world experience at least occasional shallow earthquakes—those that originate within 60 km (40 miles) of the Earth's outer surface. 3 earthquake hit Christchurch, New Zealand on 22 February (21 Feb in UTC), leaving at least 75 people dead and hundreds injured or missing. This works fine for warning people living along coast far from the epicenter of the submarine earthquake. Also known as the Great Chilean earthquake, it was a 9. Why damage was so large…. The 1995 Kobe earthquake, magnitude 6. more See footage of earthquakes from around the world. Why the Earthquake in Italy Was So Destructive A complex underground collision ripped apart Earth's crust, killing more than 100 people By Tia Ghose , LiveScience on August 24, 2016. Violent shocks punctuated the strong shaking which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds. 12, 2010, a massive 7. Kobe has been an important port city for many centuries. Known as the Great Kanto Earthquake, the 7. ” They make a good point. 8 Kaikoura earthquake, which ruptured across a record-breaking 21 faults, McBride said she’s more empathetic as a result of her study — and also still afraid. This is the deadliest tsunami since the 2004 magnitude 9. A comparison: Damage caused by Kobe earthquake, 1995 A 6. An earthquakes destructive process can destroy whole buildings, cars, bridges, houses and even take lives. Two earthquakes that we are looking at is the Kobe and Sichuan earthquake, located in Japan and China. The quake is the world's fifth largest quake since 1900. This was the first major earthquake to strike this urban area since 1933. So could such an earthquake (or worse) strike today? Well, last year the U. 7-magnitude earthquake struck off the. 8 earthquake that struck Nepal in April 2015,. Why? Located on a destructive plate margin. This is a list of the worst natural disasters in known human history in which historians were able to provide an estimated death toll. The devastation in the CBD includes modern buildings built from the 1960s to the 1990s that were untouched by the larger but not so close 7. Estimates of the number of people temporarily or permanently displaced because of damage to their houses or apartments ranged from 80,000 to 125,000. Unfortunately it lies above a destructive plate margin. The earthquake from Alaska on March 28th, 1964 caused seismic waves that were so powerful that bodies of water oscillated in many places across North America. After the unpredicted Kobe earthquake in 1995, the National Project officially gave up short-term prediction and decided to concentrate on basic seismology, namely installing more seismic stations. The museum told the story about The Great Awaji Earthquake that occured on 1995 in Kobe area as the most destructive site. This plate boundary is the reason for Japan's existence but also means that there is a constant earthquake threat. So, it seems that something as simple as moon phases cannot be used to predict when and where an earthquake will occur. • Earthquakes are very frequent here because of the friction between two plated colliding along the destructive margin. 5 metres in Miyako in Tohoku's Iwate Prefecture, and which, in the Sendai area, traveled up to 10 km inland. Recent research also suggests these waves trigger small earthquakes thousands of miles away from the epicenter hours after a major earthquake. Earthquakes are found at constructive, desctructive and conservative plate boundaries. Damage from the Northridge Earthquake. The earthquake likely occurred on a branch of the North Anatolian fault. The Hatian government claims 316, 000 deaths, while U. There were very few fires after this quake. fault zone highlighted in yellow after the earthquake taken from a small plane that evacuated the injured. Lessons of the Kobe Earthquake. These included 15 quakes believed to have been magnitude 6. However, if a large earthquake should hit a crowded metropolitan area such as the San Francisco Bay area, many life lines may be destroyed, causing the loss of critical data for the earthquake and accordingly delaying the rescue efforts which may result in an avoidable death toll (ex. Why the earthquake was so damaging. The Cities Most At Risk To Be Destroyed By Earthquakes, Floods, And Storms The good news: more people than ever are moving into densely built, sustainable urban centers. 4 magnitude earthquake struck the area. 5 metres in Miyako in Tohoku's Iwate Prefecture, and which, in the Sendai area, traveled up to 10 km inland. 9 earthquake in Kobe, Japan. The Great Kanto Earthquake, the worst in Japanese history, hit the Kanto plain around Tokyo in 1923 and resulted in the deaths of over 100,000 people. 0, has given tremendous damage to the northern part of Japan, especially in the prefectures of Fukushima, Miyagi and Iwate. A MAGNITUDE 6. The earthquake also damaged nuclear power plants in the region, and thousands of citizens have been evacuated as authorities work to prevent a nuclear meltdown at those facilities. A seiche can be caused by an earthquake and/or a tsunami. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7. (See Determining the Depth of an Earthquake. Vibrations can be detected just before an earthquake occurs, but this doesn't give enough time for people to escape. local time, a Richter scale magnitude 9. Explain why the earthquake was so strong 6. 17, 1989 and killed 63 people, injured more than. 3 million homeless without clean water or food. 01X as intense than A. The force of the quake was so. Four months later, in January 1994, a slightly more powerful earthquake (6. According to the US Geological Survey, the Nepal quake occurred at a depth of nine miles, contributing to its strength and resulting damage. Ask students: Why was the Kobe earthquake so much more destructive? Remind students that the Richter scale is a logarithmic scale. Sympathy for Japan, and Admiration. In 1995, Kobe was hit by the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, which killed over 5000 people and destroyed tens of thousands of buildings. 0 on the seismometer. Why was relief so lame. 0 is an extreme natural disaster and are very rare. Six thousand people died and hundreds of thousands lost their homes when the Great Hanshin Earthquake hit Kobe in January 1995. That doesn't seem like very much difference, does it?? However, because the Richter Scale is 'Logarithmic', it means that the Kobe quake generated more that 6 times the destructive energy of the Northridge quake! You can imagine how that alone would cause so much more damage. »»» Subscribe to The National to watch mo. an earthquake will be, however. But, having covered the 1995 Kobe earthquake (which killed more than 6,000 people and left 300,000 homeless) when I lived in Japan as Tokyo bureau chief for The New York Times,. An earthquakes destructive process can destroy whole buildings, cars, bridges, houses and even take lives. 46pm on 11 March Was the Worst in the Country's History, Triggering a Devastating Tsunami and an Ongoing Nuclear Crisis. In places such as Haiti, where 72. A Lecture By Phil Schneider: May 1995 Phil Schneider, a very brave man, recently lost his life due to what appeared to be a military-style execution in January 1996. India's most powerful earthquake in fifty years devastates vast areas of Gujarat, with Bhuj town and nearby areas being the worst affected. Many parts of the country have experienced devastating earthquakes and tidal waves in the past. Underground gas tanks and septic tanks (yuck!) have been known to float to the surface through liquefied soils. These explosions, however, don't cause very strong seismic waves. All of the homeless people were dealt with reasonably quickly and the city recovered thanks to government money. But, at the dawn of 17th January, 1995, it experienced one of the most destructive earthquakes in the world - the Kobe earthquake. One of the reasons for the huge extent of the damage caused by the earthquake which hit Kobe was the fact that the area is very densly populated. Natural hazards. The 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake is the next biggest earthquake ever recorded, clocking in at 9. Lessons of the Kobe Earthquake. But Haiti's quake was 6. Start by referring back to your factfile from Part B. 1-magnitude earthquake, one of the strongest to ever hit the area. Figure 2 - Earthquakes of M 7 or more in the Japanese archipelago (1885-1995, depths of 100 km or less) Source: Japanese Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, n. 1 earthquake rocked Southern California on Friday night. more See footage of earthquakes from around the world. 3, hit eastern Nepal, near Mount Everest on 12 May 2015. 2 on the Richter scale struck the heavily populated city of Kobe, Japan. In the 1995 earthquake in Kobe. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper. The earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck northeastern Japan on March 11 was perhaps the most widely recorded natural disaster in human history. That mega-earthquake claimed an estimated 316,000 lives, according to the government. But, initial reports show that damage was much more contained. The strength of the shock was calculated to be 6. No doubt this is why the Usage Panel approves of figurative extensions of its use in dangerous, destructive, or negative contexts. Last year's Nisqually Quake was a deep earthquake that caused some damage but is the least destructive of the three types of quakes possible in the Northwest. 8 g were recorded in the near-fault region on soil sites in Kobe and Nishinomiya (Somerville, 1995). I was really scared and had so many night that I couldn't sleep. Although this is the largest earthquake in the epicenter region in this century, the region of the earthquake has a long history of destructive earthquakes. The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds, and during this. Jun 09, 2015 · Why was the Nepali earthquake so devastating? Because of its government's political failings. 0 Tōhoku Earthquake that occurred off the coast of Japan in 2011. Seismologist on why Mexico earthquake was so destructive. The devastation in the CBD includes modern buildings built from the 1960s to the 1990s that were untouched by the larger but not so close 7. Earthquakes of this type occur along active faults. The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada. This is called a seismometer. 8 g were recorded in the near-fault region on soil sites in Kobe and Nishinomiya (Somerville, 1995). The heavy rainfall just before the earthquake surely did not help. In January 1995, a strong earthquake hit the city of Kobe and surroundings. The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of Sunday, 22 May 1960 is to date the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Earth’s history, rating 9. It happewned becasue the oceanic philippines plate moved and disappeared under the continental eurasian plate, on the destructive plate marginl, this caused an earthquake to happen in the awaji islands and the seismic waves travelled down the nojima fault line to kobe where the damge was caused, because the epicentre and the focus where very close the surface. In this case, the increase is in wave amplitude. Ask students: Why was the Kobe earthquake so much more destructive? Remind students that the Richter scale is a logarithmic scale. The change in magnitude of 1. Kobe Earthquake. This is devastating in anyone's language. The Kobe earthquake fittingly exemplifies this, where the cost of reconstruction topped $100 billion. Megathrusts occur in subduction zones, where two plates collide and one goes underneath the other. Suddenly, there was an earthquake so violent that the foundations of the prison were shaken. Why did the earthquake and tsunami occur in Japan? Was it the act of an angry God? No, it was the result of the movement and collision of the earth's tectonic plates - a process driven by the earth's need to regulate its own internal temperature. Where? The earthquake occurred 250 miles off the North East Coast of Japan's main island Honshu. Tectonic plates move constantly, and do so. The Kobe earthquake, which killed six thousand people and devastated the Japanese economy, was a magnitude six point eight. The magnitude 7. This is called a seismometer. 3-magnitude earthquake today - just months after devastating tremors left 50 dead. Around 200. The quake struck in the pre-dawn darkness of Jan. The Tohoku earthquake known also as the Great East Japan Earthquake was 45 times more powerful than the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, and 1450 times more powerful than the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. It measured 7. 1995: Earthquake devastates Kobe Hundreds of people are feared dead and thousands injured after a powerful earthquake struck Japan at dawn. 8 - which means it was very strong - and tremors were felt in nearby countries Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. In 1923 a huge earthquake struck Tokyo. The earthquake shook walls across the country and left people waiting in the streets fearing aftershocks. It occurred in the afternoon and its resulting tsunami affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast. Utsu, "Catalog of Large Earthquakes in the Region of Japan from 1885 through 1980," Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo 57 (1982): pp. … earthquake was only a couple of kilometres away from Kobe's port, 90% of which were destroyed. Not because the magnitude 9 earthquake wasn't big, but because it was in the wrong place. The earthquake in Japan was so powerful that it triggered a powerful tsunami that created waves reaching in height as high as 40 metres (approximately 133 feet). The Cebu-Bohol earthquake, however, was deadlier than the Samar earthquake. Cascadia Fault Line: Scientists Predict Powerful Earthquake That Could Devastate The Pacific Northwest By Staff Reporter Jul 16, 2015 12:40 AM EDT Many people are familiar with the San Andreas fault line in California; however, north of it lies a lesser known but a more potentially deadline fault line - the Cascadia fault line, also called. Introduction Love waves or L waves are surface waves that are very destructive after large earthquakes. The evidence that Kobe was not a natural earthquake is slender and is based primarily upon Asahara’s prediction that was later proved so horrifyingly correct. It was the world's fourth largest earthquake since 1900 and the largest in Japan since modern instrumental recordings began 130 years ago. An earthquake is the sudden, rapid shaking of the earth, caused by the breaking and shifting of underground rock. The most powerful event registered as a 7. The Tohoku earthquake known also as the Great East Japan Earthquake was 45 times more powerful than the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, and 1450 times more powerful than the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. An earthquake also causes secondary or shear waves, called S waves. The Rose Canyon fault runs along the coast and beneath downtown San Diego. Its unpredictable and devastating effects: nine victims and direct losses of 1.